Ann Baldwin, Ph.D.
Summarization Team Lead

Curriculum Vitae
Ann is a Research Professor of Physiology and Psychology at the University of Arizona and is Director of “Mind-Body-Science” ( She obtained her Bachelors degree in Physics from University of Bristol, UK, her Masters degree in Radiation Physics from University of London, UK and her PhD in Physiology from Imperial College, University of London. Her research focuses on the deleterious physiological effects of mental and emotional stress and how these outcomes may be minimized. She is currently exploring the efficacies of Reiki and of Biofeedback techniques in promoting sympatho-vagal balance, as indicated by analysis of heart rate variability, and thereby reducing the damaging effects of stress. She is also testing whether these techniques enhance mental, emotional and physical performance both in Parkinson’s patients and in otherwise healthy individuals. Dr. Baldwin has quantitatively monitored the effects of Reiki on cardiac function and on peripheral blood flow in humans and in rats. Her work has been featured on KVOA News 4 and on KUAT Arizona Illustrated. With her Reiki training and extensive scientific background, Ann Baldwin hopes to bridge the gap between energy healing and quantitative scientific enquiry. Dr. Baldwin has published over 90 articles in peer-reviewed scientific journals on these topics and others including arterial disease, physiological testing of blood substitutes and the effects of environmental stressors on laboratory animals and on marine mammals. She has been a member of several review panels for National Institutes of Health and the National Science Foundation, and serves on several editorial boards of major scientific journals, such as the American Journal of Physiology. Her work, in a variety of areas, has been funded by NIH, NSF, American Heart Association, Arizona Disease Control Research Commission, and by private and corporate sources. In her spare time Ann likes to ride her horse and she also volunteers as a horse handler for Therapeutic Riding of Tucson.

Richard Hammerschlag, Ph.D.
Article Retrieval and Evaluation Teams

Curriculum Vitae
Richard is Emeritus Dean of Research at the Oregon College of Oriental Medicine in Portland, OR and a Scholar with The Institute for Integrative Health ( in Baltimore, MD. His first career, in neurobiology research, was based on training in Chemistry (SB degree from Massachusetts Institute of Technology), Biochemistry (PhD from Brandeis University, Waltham, MA) and Neurochemistry (post-doctoral research at University College London, UK). His 25 years of research on mechanisms of intracellular signaling and repair in nerve cells was performed at the City of Hope National Medical Center, Duarte, CA, where he served as Associate Chair, Division of Neurosciences. Richard’s career change, to acupuncture research, developed from a fascination with the energy-based Chinese medicine view of the body he learned about as a result of treatment for an acute sciatica attack. He created a research department at the Oregon College of Oriental Medicine, where he collaborated on NIH-funded grants with Oregon Health & Science University, Kaiser Permanente Center for Health Research and the University of Arizona to compare the effectiveness of Western medicine and Chinese medicine, as well as to explore physiological properties of acupuncture points. One of his major interests is in research that compares whole systems of care in a manner that best reflects the multiple components of clinical practice. During his ten years of Chinese medicine research, Richard was also an invited speaker at the NIH Consensus Conference on Acupuncture, a senior and executive editor of the Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine and co-president of the Society for Acupuncture Research. At his retirement, he became a Scholar with The Institute for Integrative Health to pursue his interest in the effectiveness and physiological basis of biofield therapies (including Reiki, external Qigong and Therapeutic Touch).

Harold Bob, MD, CMD
Summarization Team
Harold Bob, MD, CMD is a Maryland Family Physician who focuses on care in the post acute and long term care continuum. He previously served for 7 years as the medical director of Seasons Hospice & Palliative Care of Maryland, and utilized Reiki as part  as part of an integrative approach to symptom management.

He served as secretary of MedChi, the Maryland State Medical Society (1987–1991) and as president of the Maryland Medical Directors Association (2008–2012), Maryland’s chapter of AMDA the society for post-acute and long term care medicine. His is a Certified Medical Director (CMD) to 2019 and is Hospice Medical Director Certified (HMDC to 2020).

Dr. Bob served as a member of AMDA’s Clinical Practice Committee and was involved in that committee’s development of national, evidence-based practice guidelines. He was awarded AMDA’s Clinical Practice Committee Volunteer of the Year award for 2008 in which he was cited for his “devoted and immeasurable helpfulness in all the clinical projects he undertook.”

In 2012, he was awarded the Maryland AMDA chapter’s Berman Award, given “in recognition of a lifetime of service as a physician to patients in long term care in Maryland.”

Dr Bob currently works for Five Star physicians, and performs Medical Director services for Augsburg Lutheran Home, Communicare, Mid Atlantic Healthcare, and Golden Living.

He presented evidence based reviews on Reiki at an AMDA annual meeting (March 2012), at the Hospice Network of Maryland  meeting (Nov 2013), and authored a guest editorial on Reiki for “Caring for the Ages.” (Oct 2009), spoke on “CAM in the LTC continuum (Maryland Medical Director’s Association (Nov 2011), and was a panel chair for the Mid Atlantic Reiki conference (Nov 2014).

Nikki Ward
Summarization Team
After many years in the legal field in Washington, D.C. as Legislative Analyst, paralegal, consultant and Operations Manager, Nikki is now a full time Reiki teacher/practitioner and meditation teacher. She completed her Reiki Master Teacher training in Usui Shiki Ryoho Reiki in June 2010 and most recently received her Shihan Kaku certification in Jikiden Reiki® in May 2014. She offers Reiki classes in both styles.

Nikki began her professional Reiki treatment practice at one of Washington, D.C.’s top holistic spas in June, 2011 and since her first Reiki class in 2009, she has maintained her daily personal practice. She also served as Team Captain on a Distance Reiki Volunteer Hotline for the first four years.

In 2013, she founded Mid-Atlantic Reiki and began planning and hosting an annual conference for Reiki practitioners with a good friend and co-organizer. In 2015 their conferences went international with the addition of an event in Toronto, Canada. These events have been commended as professional, well-organized, informative, and wonderful community-building opportunities for Reiki practitioners of any level or lineage.

Nikki has a deeply intuitive practice and offers her clients and students other valuable components to enhance their wellbeing in addition to Reiki, including mindfulness meditation training and chakra balancing. She has an international practice through her distance work and upcoming retreats. She finds sharing these practices with others both a rewarding and fulfilling mission and is grateful to her teachers for their foundation & guidance. More information on Nikki’s practice and background at

Natalie Trent, Ph.D.
Project Coordinator

Curriculum Vitae available on request
Natalie L. Trent, Ph.D. is a Postdoctoral Research Fellow, sponsored by Kripalu Center for Yoga & Health, at Harvard Medical School, and Brigham and Women’s Hospital, where she investigates the mind-body practices of yoga and mindfulness on health and wellbeing. She also conducts research on Reiki, universal love, psychedelics, and other mind-body practices. Natalie is a Reiki Master and incorporates aspects of shamanic traditions into her practice. She is a key participant in the Campaign for Open Sciences and the movement toward a Post-Materialist Science. Natalie is a contributing author to The Beacon of Mind and co-editor of Expanding Science: Visions of a Post-Materialist Paradigm, both published by Param Media. You can visit her website at

Robin Fuerst, PharmD
Article and research review, summarization and writing

Curriculum Vitae available upon request
MRobin is a Licensed Reiki Master Teacher with the International Center for Reiki Training since 2009 and currently teaches and practices Reiki as founder of Healing Journey Options in Bend, OR. She has been teaching Reiki since 2001. Robin is a Reiki master teacher and practitioner in Usui and Holy Fire II Karuna Reiki® Master through the ICRT and also in Sekhem/Seichim Reiki (non-ICRT). She has written several articles for the Reiki News Magazine.

Dr. Fuerst also received her PharmD from the University of Minnesota in 1985 and completed a research fellowship in Neuropharmacology and Pharmacokinetics. She spent 2 years working in a joint position as assistant professor at North Dakota State University and clinical pharmacist & experiential rotation preceptor at St. Luke’s Hospitals - MeritCare, in the areas of Neurosurgery, Rehabilitative Medicine, Seizure Disorders, Traumatic Brain Injury, and Pharmacokinetics. Dr. Fuerst also spent 3 years as Assistant Professor at the College of Pharmacy, Washington State University, Pullman, WA and Clinical Pharmacist & experiential rotation preceptor, Sacred Heart Medical Center, Spokane, WA in Rehabilitative Medicine, Brain Injury, Seizure Disorders, & Pharmacokinetics. She also served as a Nursing Home Consultant & experiential rotation preceptor at Good Samaritan Village, Moscow, ID. Robin left academics after her daughter was born.

Dr. Fuerst then served as Clinical Pharmacy Coordinator at St. Joseph Regional Medical Center, Lewiston, ID and as a Adjunct Clinical Assistant Professor, College of Pharmacy, Washington State University, Acute Care Clinical experiential rotation preceptor at SJRMC in Lewiston for 18 years. During this time she was elected as a Fellow into the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (FASHP) in recognition for sustained clinical pharmacy practice excellence. She was responsible for establishing and training for 3 clinical pharmacist positions on the medical/oncology, surgery and intensive & progressive care units in this 120 bed rural referral center.

After moving to Bend, OR in 2009 Robin was a Reiki volunteer at St Charles Oncology Clinic as well as growing her Reiki business. Dr Fuerst worked from 2011-2014 as an on call as a Clinical Pharmacist at St Charles Healthcare System and co-preceptor for PharmD students from Oregon State University & Pacific for experiential rotations.

Robin has been teaching and practicing Reiki full time since 2014. She is also certified as an Aromatherapist, 200 hour yoga teacher, labyrinth facilitator and Ordained Minister in the Temple of Light Ministry. Robin enjoys exploring the beautiful outdoor opportunities around Bend, music, essential oils, yoga, labyrinths, spending time with friends & family as well as volunteering as a mentor for the Reiki prayer team at First Presbyterian church and at 3 Sisters Equine Outreach.


Tim Martin
Article and Research Summarization Team
Curriculum Vitae

Tim Martin is a Reiki Master Teacher based in Massachusetts. He holds an MTS degree from Harvard Divinity School and a BA from DePauw University in Religious Studies. He has worked as a research assistant at both Langer Lab in the Harvard University Department of Psychology and at the Center for Mindfulness and Compassion at Cambridge Health Alliance. His primary research interests include mind-body medicine and mindfulness.


Adrian Winters III, Ph.D.
Summarization Team

Adrian is currently a Pathologists' Assistant and supervises a surgical pathology laboratory at Scott & White Memorial Hospital in Temple, Texas where he has worked for the past six years. He is also a Medical Technologist, working in clinical pathology for over 23 years, before earning his PA certification and concentrating on anatomic pathology. In total, he has more than 32 years experience in the medical laboratory.

He received his Usui Reiki Master Practitioner certification in December of 2007 and is an ordained minister with the United Life Church.

Adrian received his Doctorate in Complementary and Integrative Medicine in 2008 from Kingdom College of Natural Health. He concentrated on the study of medicine and health practices in other cultures and how selected practices may be integrated into western medicine from a preventive medicine perspective.

He has a Masters Degree in Microbiology and Immunology from the University of Arizona which he received in 1992. While earning his degree, he studied tumor immunology and the involvement of macrophages in low- and non-metastatic tumors. Adrian also developed a test using PCR to determine active versus latent Epstein-Barr virus activity in immunocompromised patients.

Adrian is interested in the continuing growth of Reiki practice in the hospital and hospice settings, as well as integrating the use of Reiki into everyday life as a means of stress relieve and preventive health. He is especially interested in supporting Reiki research and demonstrating the effective use of Reiki as a complementary treatment modality.

He spends much of his spare time reading and researching the connection between science and spirituality with emphasis on how current paradigms in theoretical and quantum physics and string theory lend credence to a multidimensional universe and psychic experiences.

Adrian enjoys baseball, canoeing, hiking (especially in Sedona, AZ), playing African drums, and making and playing didgeridoos.

Cynthia F. Yap, RN
Summarization Team

Curriculum Vitae
I'm originally from New Jersey, but currently live in San Antonio via Oklahoma, Japan, Virginia, Seattle, and Okinawa. By the way, I'm in the military (Air Force), so I’ve obviously been moving around quite a bit. My education is eclectic as well: B.S. Chemical Engineering, B.S. Nursing, Master of Nursing, and most recently Master Level Reiki. I'm currently the clinical nurse specialist of the neonatal ICU at Wilford Hall Medical Center, soon to be San Antonio Military Medical Center South (but by then we'll have moved to the North campus).


William Lee Rand
Founder, Writer
Production Coordinator

William Lee Rand is president of The International Center for Reiki Training, which he founded in 1991. He is also the publisher and editor-in-chief of Reiki News Magazine and the online Reiki Newsletter. He founded and developed the Reiki in Hospitals web site, forerunner of the Center for Reiki Research. William began practicing Reiki in 1981 and has taught full-time since 1989. He has studied Reiki with six teachers, three of whom are Japanese Reiki Masters. He has made three trips to Japan for the purpose of researching the history and practice of Reiki, and he continues to maintain close contact with other researchers and teachers. William has developed a number of Reiki techniques, including Reiki Aura Clearing and the Healing Attunement. Over a two-year period beginning in 1993, he and some of his students developed the Karuna Reiki® system of healing. In 1997 he traveled to the North Pole to place a Reiki World Peace Grid, which is dedicated to furthering world peace. He placed a Peace Grid at the South Pole in 1999 and one in Jerusalem in 2004. The Peace Grid system is the basis of a monthly world peace meditation William leads with Reiki practitioners around the world. William continues to teach Reiki classes internationally and has recently established a new Reiki Training Center in Hawaii.

Selected Publications

Rand has written more than 150 articles about Reiki. The following are a selection from those which have appeared in Reiki News Magazine and the online Reiki Newsletter:

“Enhance Your Reiki Energy with a Healthier Diet,” Fall 2008.
“The Origin of All Is Pure Consciousness,” Summer 2008.
“Growing Whole with Reiki,” Spring 2008.
“Living a Meaningful Life,” Winter 2007.
“What Makes Reiki Symbols Work?” Fall 2007.
“Reiki for Happiness and Success,” Fall 2006.
“What Is Reiki Energy?” Winter 2005.
“Science Validates Spiritual Healing,” Fall 2003.
“Creating a Reiki Class,” Summer 2002.
“Why Do We Need Reiki,” Summer 2002.
“Reiki in India,” Summer 2000.
“Working with Japanese and Western Reiki,” Winter 2000.
“Discovering the Roots of Reiki,” Spring 1998.
“Reiki in Hospitals,” Summer 1997.
“A Personal Healing Program,” Spring 1996.
“Reiki and the Shadow Self,” Fall 1995.

Reiki, The Healing Touch. Southfield, Michigan: Vision Publications, 1990 and 2008.
Reiki Master Manual, Including Advanced Reiki Training. Southfield, Michigan: Vision Publications, 1990 and 2003.
Reiki for a New Millennium. Southfield, Michigan: Vision Publications, 1998.
The Spirit of Reiki, with Arjava Petter and Walter L¸beck. Twin Lakes, Wisconsin: Lotus Press, 2001.
The Reiki Touch Kit. Boulder, Colorado: Sounds True, 2005.

Spiritual Healing, Scientific Validation of a Healing Revolution by Daniel Benor, M.D. Southfield, Michigan: Vision Publications, 2001.


Research Staff

Ann Baldwin, Ph.D.
Editor-in-Chief, Summarization
Team Lead

, Ph.D.
Article Retrieval and Evaluation Team

Harold Bob, MD, CMD
Summarization Team

Nikki Ward
Summarization Team

Natalie Trent, Ph.D.
Project Coordinator

Robin Fuerst, PharmD
Article & research review, summarization and writing

Tim Martin
Article and Research

Adrian Winters III, Ph.D.
Summarization Team

Cynthia F. Yap, RN Summarization Team

William Lee Rand
Founder, Writer
Production Coordinator

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